wtm-20210806
FALSE0000776867Bermuda1-899394-27084550375500007768672021-08-062021-08-06

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 8-K

CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

August 6, 2021
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported)

WHITE MOUNTAINS INSURANCE GROUP, LTD.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Bermuda
(State or other jurisdiction of
 incorporation or organization)
1-8993
(Commission file number)
94-2708455
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

23 South Main Street, Suite 3B, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755
(Address of principal executive offices)

(603) 640-2200
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:

Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)

Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)

Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))

Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Shares, par value $1.00WTMNew York Stock Exchange
per shareBermuda Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933(§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).                                     Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.      o



ITEM 2.02. RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION.

On August 6, 2021, White Mountains Insurance Group, Ltd. issued a press release announcing its results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021. The press release furnished herewith is attached as Exhibit 99.1 to this Form 8-K.
Certain information included in the press release constitutes non-GAAP financial measures (as defined in Regulation G of the Securities and Exchange Commission). Specifically, there are 14 non-GAAP financial measures: (i) adjusted book value per share, (ii) BAM’s gross written premiums and member surplus contributions (“MSC”) from new business, (iii) Ark's adjusted loss and loss adjustment expense ratio, (iv) Ark's adjusted insurance acquisition expense ratio, (v) Ark's adjusted underwriting expense ratio, (vi) Ark's adjusted combined ratio, (vii) NSM’s earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”), (viii) NSM’s adjusted EBITDA, (ix) NSM’s pro forma adjusted EBITDA, (x) Kudu’s EBITDA, (xi) Kudu’s adjusted EBITDA, (xii) Kudu’s annualized adjusted EBITDA, (xiii) total consolidated portfolio return excluding MediaAlpha and (xiv) total equity portfolio returns excluding MediaAlpha. These non-GAAP financial measures have been reconciled to their most comparable GAAP financial measures.
Adjusted book value per share is a non-GAAP financial measure which is derived by adjusting (i) the GAAP book value per share numerator and (ii) the common shares outstanding denominator, as described below. The GAAP book value per share numerator is adjusted (i) to include a discount for the time value of money arising from the modeled timing of cash payments of principal and interest on the BAM surplus notes and (ii) to add back the unearned premium reserve, net of deferred acquisition costs, at HG Global. Under GAAP, White Mountains is required to carry the BAM surplus notes, including accrued interest, at nominal value with no consideration for time value of money. Based on a debt service model that forecasts operating results for BAM through maturity of the surplus notes, the present value of the BAM surplus notes, including accrued interest and using an 8% discount rate, was estimated to be $137 million, $142 million, $147 million and $151 million less than the nominal GAAP carrying values as of June 30, 2021, March 31, 2021, December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020, respectively. The value of HG Global’s unearned premium reserve, net of deferred acquisition costs, was $150 million, $146 million, $142 million and $131 million as of June 30, 2021, March 31, 2021, December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020, respectively. White Mountains believes these adjustments are useful to management and investors in analyzing the intrinsic value of HG Global, including the value of the BAM surplus notes and the value of the in-force business at HG Re, HG Global’s reinsurance subsidiary. The denominator used in the calculation of adjusted book value per share equals the number of common shares outstanding adjusted to exclude unearned restricted common shares, the compensation cost of which, at the date of calculation, has yet to be amortized. Restricted common shares are earned on a straight-line basis over their vesting periods. The reconciliation of GAAP book value per share to adjusted book value per share is included on page 8 of Exhibit 99.1 to this Form 8-K.
BAM’s gross written premiums and MSC from new business is a non-GAAP financial measure, which is derived by adjusting gross written premiums and MSC collected (i) to include the present value of future installment MSC not yet collected and (ii) to exclude the impact of gross written premium adjustments related to policies closed in prior periods. White Mountains believes these adjustments are useful to management and investors in evaluating the volume and pricing of new business closed during the period. The reconciliation from GAAP gross written premiums to gross written premiums and MSC from new business is included on page 16 of Exhibit 99.1 to this Form 8-K.
Ark’s adjusted loss and loss adjustment expense ratio, adjusted insurance acquisition expense ratio, adjusted other underwriting expense ratio and adjusted combined ratio are non-GAAP financial measures, which are derived by adjusting the GAAP ratios to add back the impact of whole-account quota-share reinsurance arrangements related to third party capital providers for Ark’s Lloyd’s syndicates. The impact of these reinsurance arrangements relates to years of account prior to White Mountains’s transaction with Ark. White Mountains believes these adjustments are useful to management and investors in evaluating Ark’s results on a fully aligned basis. The reconciliation from the GAAP ratios to the adjusted ratios is included on page 17 of Exhibit 99.1 to this Form 8-K.
NSM’s EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA and pro forma adjusted EBITDA are non-GAAP financial measures. EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure that excludes interest expense on debt, income tax expense (benefit), depreciation and amortization of other intangible assets from GAAP net income (loss). Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure that excludes certain other items in GAAP net income (loss) in addition to those excluded from EBITDA. The adjustments relate to (i) change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities, (ii) non-cash equity-based compensation expense, (iii) impairments of intangible assets, (iv) loss on assets held for sale, (v) acquisition-related transaction expenses, (vi) investments made in the development of new business lines and (vii) restructuring expenses.
2


A description of each follows:
Change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities - Contingent consideration liabilities are amounts payable to the sellers of businesses purchased by NSM that are contingent on the earnings of such businesses in periods subsequent to their acquisition. Under GAAP, contingent consideration liabilities are initially recorded at fair value as part of purchase accounting, with the periodic change in the fair value of these liabilities recorded as income or an expense.
Non-cash equity-based compensation expense - Represents non-cash expenses related to NSM’s management compensation emanating from the grants of equity units.
Impairments of intangible assets - Represents expense related to NSM’s write-off of intangible assets. For the periods presented, the impairments related primarily to NSM’s write-off of intangible assets in its U.K. vertical. The impairments related to lower premium volumes, including due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, and certain reorganization initiatives in the U.K. vertical.
Loss on assets held for sale - Represents the loss on the net assets held for sale related to the sale of the Fresh Insurance motor business.
Acquisition-related transaction expenses - Represents costs directly related to NSM’s transactions to acquire businesses, such as transaction-related compensation, banking, accounting and external lawyer fees, which are not capitalized and are expensed under GAAP.
Investments made in the development of new business lines - Represents the net loss related to the start-up of newly established lines of business, which NSM views as investments.
Restructuring expenses - Represents expenses associated with eliminating redundant work force and facilities that often arise as a result of NSM’s post-acquisition integration strategies. For the periods presented, this adjustment relates primarily to NSM’s expenses incurred in certain reorganization initiatives in the U.K. vertical.
Pro forma adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure that starts with adjusted EBITDA and also (i) includes the earnings of acquired businesses for the period of time over the previous 12 months that the businesses were not owned by White Mountains and (ii) removes the earnings (losses) of sold businesses for the period of time over the previous 12 months that the businesses were owned by White Mountains. White Mountains believes that these non-GAAP financial measures are useful to management and investors in evaluating NSM’s performance. White Mountains also believes that pro forma adjusted EBITDA is useful to management and investors to demonstrate the earnings profile of NSM’s business as of the end of the period for a full 12 month period. See page 18 of Exhibit 99.1 to this Form 8-K for the reconciliation of NSM’s GAAP net income (loss) to EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA and pro forma adjusted EBITDA.
Kudu’s EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA and annualized adjusted EBITDA are non-GAAP financial measures. EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure that excludes interest expense on debt, income tax expense (benefit), depreciation and amortization of other intangible assets from GAAP net income (loss). Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure that excludes certain other items in GAAP net income (loss) in addition to those excluded from EBITDA. The adjustments relate to (i) net unrealized investment (gains) losses on Kudu’s revenue and earnings participation contracts, (ii) non-cash equity-based compensation expense and (iii) acquisition-related transaction expenses. A description of each adjustment follows:
Net unrealized investment (gains) losses - Represents net unrealized investment gains and losses recorded on Kudu’s revenue and earnings participation contracts, which are recorded at fair value under GAAP.
Non-cash equity-based compensation expense - Represents non-cash expenses related to Kudu’s management compensation that are settled with equity units in Kudu.
Acquisition-related transaction expenses - Represents costs directly related to Kudu’s transactions to acquire revenue and earnings participation contracts, such as external lawyer, banker, consulting and placement agent fees, which are not capitalized and are expensed under GAAP.

3


Annualized adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure that annualizes revenues related to Kudu’s earnings and revenue participation contracts that were in place as of the end of the 12-month period but were not in effect for the full 12-month period. The amount added was calculated on a contract-by-contract basis by annualizing the revenues received for the partial 12-month period. For example, if a participation contract was in effect for four months, the amount added equals twice that amount. White Mountains believes that these non-GAAP financial measures are useful to management and investors in evaluating Kudu’s performance. White Mountains also believes that annualized adjusted EBITDA is useful to management and investors to demonstrate the earnings profile of Kudu’s business as of the end of the period for a full 12-month period. See page 19 of Exhibit 99.1 to this Form 8-K for the reconciliation of Kudu’s GAAP net income (loss) to EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA and annualized adjusted EBITDA.
Total consolidated portfolio return excluding MediaAlpha and total equity portfolio return excluding MediaAlpha are non-GAAP financial measures that remove the net investment income and net realized and unrealized investment gains (losses) from White Mountains’s investment in MediaAlpha. White Mountains believes these measures to be useful to management and investors by showing the underlying performance of White Mountains’s investment portfolio and equity portfolio without regard to White Mountains’s investment in MediaAlpha. A reconciliation from GAAP to the reported percentage is as follows:

Three Months Ended June 30,
Six Months Ended June 30,
2021
2020
2021
2020
Total consolidated portfolio return
5.0 
%
6.5 
%
4.7 
%
1.7 
%
Remove MediaAlpha
(2.6)
%
(0.1)
%
(1.6)
%
(1.7)
%
Total consolidated portfolio return
   excluding MediaAlpha
2.4 
%
6.4
%
3.1
%
%

Three Months Ended
June 30, 2021
Total equity portfolio return
10.0 
%
Remove MediaAlpha
(4.6)
%
Total equity portfolio return excluding MediaAlpha
5.4
%




4


ITEM 9.01. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND EXHIBITS.

(d) Exhibits

99.1 Press Release of White Mountains Insurance Group, Ltd. dated June 30, 2021, furnished herewith.


SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.


WHITE MOUNTAINS INSURANCE GROUP, LTD.
August 6, 2021By:
/s/   MICHAELA J. HILDRETH    
       Michaela J. Hildreth
      Managing Director and
       Chief Accounting Officer

5
Document
Exhibit 99.1
https://cdn.kscope.io/92426c6fc25ec3ade6f69a93beb337cf-image1.jpg
CONTACT: Todd Pozefsky
(203) 458-5807

WHITE MOUNTAINS REPORTS SECOND QUARTER RESULTS

HAMILTON, Bermuda (August 6, 2021) - White Mountains Insurance Group, Ltd. (NYSE: WTM) reported book value per share of $1,279 and adjusted book value per share of $1,292 as of June 30, 2021. Book value per share and adjusted book value per share both increased 4% in the second quarter of 2021 and 2% in the first six months of 2021, including dividends.

Manning Rountree, CEO, commented, “We had a strong second quarter. Adjusted book value per share was up 4%, driven by solid results across our operating companies as well as the increase in MediaAlpha’s share price during the quarter. BAM produced $30 million of total premiums and member surplus contributions, as insured penetration and market share remained strong, while pricing declined. Ark wrote $328 million of gross written premiums, up 78% year over year, and produced an 84% adjusted combined ratio. NSM generated nice growth in both pro forma controlled premiums and pro forma adjusted EBITDA. Kudu also posted nice growth in adjusted EBITDA and recognized $28 million in unrealized gains in the fair value of its portfolio of participation contracts. Excluding MediaAlpha, our investment portfolio returned 2.4% in the quarter. We finished the second quarter with roughly $300 million in undeployed capital. We expect undeployed capital will increase in the third quarter upon completion of the subordinated debt raise at Ark.”

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to common shareholders was $139 million and $66 million in the second quarter and first six months of 2021, compared to $116 million and $(17) million in the second quarter and first six months of 2020. Results in the second quarter and first six months of 2021 were driven primarily by $113 million and $71 million of net realized and unrealized investment gains from White Mountains’s investment in MediaAlpha.

MediaAlpha

White Mountains owns 16.9 million shares of MediaAlpha, representing a 28% basic ownership interest (26% on a fully-diluted/fully-converted basis). At the June 30 closing price of $42.10, the value of White Mountains’s investment in MediaAlpha was $713 million. At this level of ownership, each $1.00 per share increase or decrease in the share price of MediaAlpha will result in an approximate $5.50 per share increase or decrease in White Mountains’s book value per share and adjusted book value per share. At the July 2021 month-end closing price of $33.40 per share, the fair value of White Mountains’s investment in MediaAlpha was $566 million.



1


HG Global/BAM

BAM’s gross written premiums and member surplus contributions (MSC) collected were $30 million and $56 million in the second quarter and first six months of 2021, compared to $43 million and $63 million in the second quarter and first six months of 2020. BAM insured municipal bonds with par value of $5.1 billion and $8.7 billion in the second quarter and first six months of 2021, compared to $4.1 billion and $7.1 billion in the second quarter and first six months of 2020. Total pricing was 59 and 65 basis points in the second quarter and first six months of 2021, compared to 105 and 89 basis points in the second quarter and first six months of 2020. BAM’s total claims paying resources were $1,165 million at June 30, 2021, compared to $987 million at December 31, 2020 and $957 million at June 30, 2020. In the first quarter of 2021, BAM completed a reinsurance agreement with Fidus Re that increased BAM’s claims paying resources by $150 million.

Seán McCarthy, CEO of BAM, said, “BAM had a good second quarter, with par insured up 25% from the same period in 2020. Demand for insurance remained strong, keeping insured penetration above 8%. The outlook for municipal credit improved as a result of the ongoing economic recovery as well as Federal support for issuers. Declining interest rates and tighter credit spreads resulted in lower overall pricing. However, risk adjusted pricing was supported by strong demand for insured bonds of double-A rated issuers. In July, S&P Global Ratings completed its annual review and affirmed BAM’s “AA/stable” rating.”

The COVID-19 pandemic is negatively impacting the finances of municipalities to varying degrees, and, over time, financial stress could emerge. To date, BAM’s portfolio continues to perform as expected. All BAM-insured bond payments due through August 1 have been made by insureds, and there are no credits on BAM’s watchlist. BAM continues to monitor the finances of its members and to work proactively with its members to prepare for any pandemic-related revenue challenges.

HG Global reported pre-tax income of $11 million and $9 million in the second quarter and first six months of 2021, compared to pre-tax income of $20 million and $32 million in the second quarter and first six months of 2020. The decrease in HG Global’s results for the second quarter and first six months of 2021, compared to the second quarter and first six months of 2020, were driven primarily by lower investment returns on the HG Global investment portfolio. White Mountains reported pre-tax loss related to BAM of $9 million and $32 million in the second quarter and first six months of 2021, compared to pre-tax loss related to BAM of $9 million and $19 million in the second quarter and first six months of 2020. The decrease in BAM’s results for the first six months of 2021, compared to the first six months of 2020, was driven primarily by lower investment returns on the BAM investment portfolio.

BAM is a mutual insurance company that is owned by its members. BAM’s results are consolidated into White Mountains’s GAAP financial statements and attributed to non-controlling interests.


2


Ark

Ark’s GAAP combined ratio was 90% and 99% in the second quarter and first six months of 2021. Ark’s adjusted combined ratio, which adds back amounts ceded to third party capital providers, was 84% and 96% in the second quarter and first six months of 2021. The adjusted combined ratio in the second quarter and first six months of 2021 included 10 points and 5 points of favorable prior year development, primarily related to the Property, Energy and Accident & Health lines of business, and 6 points and 12 points of catastrophe losses.

In the second quarter of 2021, Ark reported gross written premiums of $328 million, net written premiums of $262 million and net earned premiums of $118 million. In the first six months of 2021, Ark reported gross written premiums of $733 million, net written premiums of $605 million and net earned premiums of $222 million. Ark reported pre-tax income (loss) of $18 million and $(15) million in the second quarter and first six months of 2021. Ark’s pre-tax loss for the first six months of 2021 included $25 million of transaction expenses related to White Mountains’s transaction with Ark.

Ian Beaton, CEO of Ark, said, “Ark had a solid second quarter. Driven by strong April and June renewals, gross written premiums were $328 million in the quarter, up 78% from 2020 levels, with risk-adjusted rate change up over 7%. The adjusted combined ratio was 84% in the quarter reflecting 10 points of favorable prior year development and light catastrophes. In July, we closed on €39 million of subordinated debt, and we continue to make good progress on the balance of our planned capital raise. Looking forward, market conditions remain attractive, and we are optimistic about profitable growth in the book.”

NSM

NSM reported pre-tax income of $1 million, adjusted EBITDA of $19 million, and commission and other revenues of $84 million in the second quarter of 2021, compared to pre-tax loss of $4 million, adjusted EBITDA of $18 million, and commission and other revenues of $76 million in the second quarter of 2020.

NSM reported pre-tax loss of $32 million, adjusted EBITDA of $33 million, and commission and other revenues of $159 million in the first six months of 2021, compared to pre-tax loss of $5 million, adjusted EBITDA of $29 million, and commission and other revenues of $141 million in the first six months of 2020. On April 12, 2021, NSM sold its Fresh Insurance motor business, which resulted in a loss of $29 million recorded in the first quarter of 2021. Results in the first six months of 2021 and the first six months of 2020, from the date of acquisition, include the results of Kingsbridge Group Limited, a leading provider of commercial lines insurance and consulting services to the contingent workforce in the United Kingdom, which was acquired on April 7, 2020.

Geof McKernan, CEO of NSM, said, “NSM had a good second quarter. Excluding the Fresh Insurance motor business, trailing 12 months pro forma controlled premiums increased to $1,102 million and pro forma adjusted EBITDA increased to a record $65 million, reflecting quarter over quarter organic growth rates of 3% and 2%, respectively. Growth in the quarter was led by the Pet, Social Services and Specialty Transportation verticals, offset by a decline in the Real Estate vertical. We also benefited from improved results in the U.K. vertical following the sale of the Fresh Insurance motor business and the broader reopening of the U.K. economy.”


3


Kudu

Kudu reported pre-tax income of $31 million and adjusted EBITDA of $5 million in the second quarter of 2021, compared to pre-tax income of $18 million and adjusted EBITDA of $4 million in the second quarter of 2020. Pre-tax income in the second quarter of 2021 included $28 million of unrealized gains on Kudu’s participation contracts, compared to $17 million of unrealized gains on Kudu’s participation contracts in the second quarter of 2020. Kudu reported pre-tax income of $47 million and adjusted EBITDA of $11 million in the first six months of 2021, compared to pre-tax loss of $4 million and adjusted EBITDA of $9 million in the first six months of 2020. Pre-tax income in the first six months of 2021 included $44 million of unrealized gains on Kudu’s participation contracts, compared to $8 million of unrealized losses on Kudu’s participation contracts in the first six months of 2020, which reflected the impact of the market dislocation from the COVID-19 pandemic on Kudu’s underlying asset management firms.

As of June 30, 2021, Kudu has deployed $398 million in 13 asset management firms globally, with combined assets under management of approximately $52 billion, spanning a range of asset classes, including real estate, real assets, wealth management, hedge funds, private equity and alternative credit strategies. The capital deployed has generated an average gross cash yield to Kudu at inception of 10.3%.

Rob Jakacki, CEO of Kudu, said, “Kudu had a strong second quarter. Quarter over quarter, trailing 12 months revenues from participation contracts increased 9% to $33 million, while adjusted EBITDA increased 7% to $24 million. Annualized adjusted EBITDA finished the quarter at $28 million, reflecting the full impact of new transactions. Second quarter unrealized gains of $28 million reflected the strong asset growth and performance of Kudu’s portfolio of asset managers. We continue to see a large number of opportunities in both the U.S. and internationally, particularly within the private capital and wealth management segments. We are optimistic about making additional capital deployments in the coming quarters.”

Other Operations

White Mountains’s Other Operations segment reported pre-tax income (loss) of $110 million and $47 million in the second quarter and first six months of 2021, compared to $107 million and $(37) million in the second quarter and first six months of 2020. The Other Operations segment results in the second quarter and first six months of 2021 were driven primarily by net realized and unrealized investment gains from White Mountains’s investment in MediaAlpha, while the results in the second quarter and first six months of 2020 were driven primarily by net unrealized investment gains (losses). Net realized and unrealized investment gains from White Mountains’s investment in MediaAlpha were $113 million and $71 million in the second quarter and first six months of 2021, compared to net unrealized investment gains from White Mountains’s investment in MediaAlpha of $15 million and $45 million in the second quarter and first six months of 2020. Net realized and unrealized investment gains were $17 million and $19 million in the second quarter and first six months of 2021, compared to net realized and unrealized investment gains (losses) $107 million and $(61) million in the second quarter and first six months of 2020, as equity markets declined in the first quarter of 2020 in reaction to the COVID-19 pandemic and partially rebounded in the second quarter of 2020.

White Mountains’s Other Operations segment reported general and administrative expenses of $30 million and $65 million in the second quarter and first six months of 2021, compared to $25 million and $43 million in the second quarter and first six months of 2020. The increase in general and administrative expenses in the second quarter and first six months of 2021 compared to the second quarter and first six months of 2020 was driven primarily by higher incentive compensation costs, in turn driven primarily by the increase in the White Mountains’s share price.


4


Investments

The total return on invested assets was 5.0% in the second quarter of 2021. This return included $113 million of net unrealized investment gains from White Mountains’s investment in MediaAlpha. Excluding MediaAlpha, the total return on invested assets was 2.4% in the second quarter of 2021. The total return on invested assets was 6.5% in the second quarter of 2020. This return included $18 million of net investment income and net unrealized investment gains from White Mountains’s investment in MediaAlpha. Excluding MediaAlpha, the total return on invested assets was 6.4% in the second quarter of 2020.

The total return on invested assets was 4.7% in the first six months of 2021. This return included $71 million of net realized and unrealized investment gains from White Mountains’s investment in MediaAlpha. Excluding MediaAlpha, the total return on invested assets was 3.1% in the first six months of 2021. The total return on invested assets was 1.7% in the first six months of 2020. This return included $50 million of net investment income and unrealized investment gains from White Mountains’s investment in MediaAlpha. Excluding MediaAlpha, the total return on invested assets was flat in the first six months of 2020.

Mark Plourde, Managing Director of White Mountains Advisors, said, “Excluding MediaAlpha, the total portfolio was up 2.4% in the quarter. The fixed income portfolio returned 0.8%, in-line with the longer duration BBIA Index return. The equity portfolio returned 5.4%, a solid absolute result but behind the S&P 500 Index return of 8.5%.”

Additional Information

White Mountains is a Bermuda-domiciled financial services holding company traded on the New York Stock Exchange and the Bermuda Stock Exchange under the symbol WTM. Additional financial information and other items of interest are available at the Company’s website located at www.whitemountains.com. White Mountains expects to file its Form 10-Q today with the Securities and Exchange Commission and urges shareholders to refer to that document for more complete information concerning its financial results.
5


WHITE MOUNTAINS INSURANCE GROUP, LTD.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(millions)
(Unaudited)
June 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
June 30,
2020
Assets 
Financial Guarantee (HG Global/BAM)
Fixed maturity investments$884.6 $859.5 $821.7 
Short-term investments44.9 60.4 54.7 
Total investments929.5 919.9 876.4 
Cash20.6 42.8 32.0 
Insurance premiums receivable6.9 6.9 7.3 
Deferred acquisition costs30.5 27.8 25.0 
Accrued investment income5.0 5.0 5.2 
Other assets14.0 15.4 14.6 
Total Financial Guarantee assets1,006.5 1,017.8 960.5 
P&C Insurance and Reinsurance (Ark)
Fixed maturity investments519.8   
Common equity securities142.0   
Short-term investments251.0   
Other long-term investments257.5   
Total investments1,170.3   
Cash 110.6   
Reinsurance recoverables431.3   
Insurance premiums receivable589.0   
Ceded unearned premiums116.1   
Deferred acquisition cost122.8   
Value of in-force business acquired27.8   
Goodwill and other intangible assets292.5   
Other assets113.9   
Total P&C Insurance and Reinsurance assets2,974.3   
Specialty Insurance Distribution (NSM)
Cash (restricted $90.3, $78.4 and $96.3)154.6 126.5 140.5 
Premium and commission receivable85.1 76.7 76.7 
  Goodwill and other intangible assets691.6 736.8 728.6 
  Other assets55.7 59.6 55.1 
Total Specialty Insurance Distribution assets987.0 999.6 1,000.9 
Asset Management (Kudu)
 Short-term investments.1 .1 .1 
 Other long-term investments455.5 400.6 315.6 
Total investments455.6 400.7 315.7 
 Cash (restricted $4.0, $0.0, $0.0)13.5 7.8 5.9 
Accrued investment income7.6 9.8 5.6 
Goodwill and other intangible assets9.1 9.2 9.4 
Other assets8.5 2.7 2.7 
Total Asset Management assets494.3 430.2 339.3 
   Other Operations
Fixed maturity investments352.9 347.7 369.9 
Short-term investments236.5 82.4 62.8 
Common equity securities — 567.2 
Investment in MediaAlpha713.2 802.2 225.0 
Other long-term investments368.4 386.2 357.5 
Total investments1,671.0 1,618.5 1,582.4 
Cash27.4 34.1 32.9 
Cash pre-funded/placed in escrow for Ark transaction 646.3 — 
Accounts receivable on unsettled investment sales1.7 3.4 23.4 
Goodwill and other intangible assets51.0 36.4 21.9 
Other assets66.7 45.1 39.0 
Total Other Operations assets1,817.8 2,383.8 1,699.6 
Total assets$7,279.9 $4,831.4 $4,000.3 



6



WHITE MOUNTAINS INSURANCE GROUP, LTD.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (CONTINUED)
(millions)
(Unaudited)
June 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
June 30,
2020
Liabilities
Financial Guarantee (HG Global/BAM)
Unearned insurance premiums$250.9 $237.5 $218.6 
Accrued incentive compensation16.1 25.7 14.1 
Other liabilities28.5 28.3 30.3 
Total Financial Guarantee liabilities295.5 291.5 263.0 
P&C Insurance and Reinsurance (Ark)
Loss and loss adjustment expense reserves760.0 — — 
Unearned insurance premiums718.7 — — 
Debt44.2 — — 
Reinsurance payable512.8 — — 
Contingent consideration22.5 — — 
Accounts payable on unsettled investment purchases1.9 — — 
Other liabilities73.0 — — 
Total P&C Insurance and Reinsurance liabilities2,133.1 — — 
Specialty Insurance Distribution (NSM)
Debt270.7 272.6 268.4 
Premiums payable137.9 113.4 139.7 
Contingent consideration7.3 14.6 11.7 
      Other liabilities89.7 91.2 81.1 
Total Specialty Insurance Distribution liabilities505.6 491.8 500.9 
Asset Management (Kudu)
Debt94.5 86.3 70.8 
Other liabilities31.1 10.0 6.5 
Total Asset Management liabilities125.6 96.3 77.3 
   Other Operations
Debt19.4 17.5 10.6 
Accrued incentive compensation50.1 70.1 18.9 
Other liabilities42.6 46.3 66.3 
Total Other Operations liabilities112.1 133.9 95.8 
Total liabilities3,171.9 1,013.5 937.0 
Equity
White Mountains’s common shareholder’s equity
     White Mountains’s common shares and paid-in surplus597.2 595.2 587.0 
     Retained earnings3,378.6 3,311.2 2,589.3 
 Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), after tax:
 Net unrealized gains (losses) from foreign currency translation and
    interest rate swap
2.4 (.4)(10.3)
Total White Mountains’s common shareholders’ equity3,978.2 3,906.0 3,166.0 
Non-controlling interests129.8 (88.1)(102.7)
Total equity4,108.0 3,817.9 3,063.3 
Total liabilities and equity$7,279.9 $4,831.4 $4,000.3 

7


WHITE MOUNTAINS INSURANCE GROUP, LTD.
BOOK VALUE AND ADJUSTED BOOK VALUE PER SHARE
(Unaudited)
 June 30,
2021
March 31,
2021
December 31,
2020
June 30,
2020
Book value per share numerators (in millions):
White Mountains’s common shareholders’ equity -
  GAAP book value per share numerator
$3,978.2 $3,825.9 $3,906.0 $3,166.0 
Time value of money discount on expected future payments on the
   BAM Surplus Notes (1)
(132.8)(137.7)(142.5)(146.7)
HG Global’s unearned premium reserve (1)
201.5 195.3 190.0 173.8 
HG Global’s net deferred acquisition costs (1)
(56.3)(54.2)(52.4)(47.0)
Adjusted book value per share numerator$3,990.6 $3,829.3 $3,901.1 $3,146.1 
Book value per share denominators (in thousands of shares):
Common shares outstanding - GAAP book value per share denominator3,109.2 3,107.3 3,102.0 3,101.8 
Unearned restricted common shares(20.6)(23.4)(14.8)(23.1)
Adjusted book value per share denominator3,088.6 3,083.9 3,087.2 3,078.7 
GAAP book value per share$1,279.49 $1,231.27 $1,259.18 $1,020.71 
Adjusted book value per share$1,292.03 $1,241.71 $1,263.64 $1,021.91 
(1) Amount reflects White Mountains's preferred share ownership in HG Global of 96.9%.
June 30,
2021
March 31,
2021
December 31,
2020
June 30,
2020
Quarter-to-date change in GAAP book value per share,
   including dividends:
3.9 %(2.1)%14.6 %4.0 %
Quarter-to-date change in adjusted book value per share,
   including dividends:
4.1 %(1.7)%14.7 %4.3 %
Year-to-date change in GAAP book value per share,
   including dividends:
1.7 %(2.1)%23.1 %(0.2)%
Year-to-date change in adjusted book value per share,
   including dividends:
2.3 %(1.7)%24.2 %0.4 %
Year-to-date dividends per share$1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 
June 30,
2021
March 31,
2021
December 31,
2020
June 30,
2020
Summary of goodwill and other intangible assets (in millions):
Goodwill:
Ark$116.8 $116.8 $— $— 
NSM 477.9 477.7 506.4 504.9 
(2)
Kudu7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 
Other Operations27.1 
(1)
11.3 11.5 5.7 
Total goodwill629.4 613.4 525.5 518.2 
Other intangible assets:
Ark175.7 175.7 — — 
NSM213.7 222.0 230.4 223.7 
Kudu1.5 1.5 1.6 1.8 
Other Operations23.9 24.4 24.9 16.2 
Total other intangible assets414.8 423.6 256.9 241.7 
Total goodwill and other intangible assets1,044.2 1,037.0 782.4 759.9 
Goodwill and other intangible assets attributed to
   non-controlling interests
(115.9)(108.4)(28.1)(25.9)
Goodwill and other intangible assets included in
   White Mountains’s common shareholders’ equity
$928.3 $928.6 $754.3 $734.0 
(1) The relative fair values of goodwill and of other intangible assets recognized in connection with the acquisition within Other Operations had not yet been finalized at June 30, 2021.
(2) The relative fair values of goodwill and of other intangible assets recognized in connection with the acquisition of Kingsbridge had not yet been finalized at June 30, 2020.



8




WHITE MOUNTAINS INSURANCE GROUP, LTD.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(millions)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Revenues:
Financial Guarantee (HG Global/BAM)
Earned insurance premiums$6.5 $5.6 $12.9 $11.0 
Net investment income4.3 4.9 8.8 10.4 
Net realized and unrealized investment gains (losses)6.3 14.4 (11.6)20.5 
Other revenues.3 1.2 .6 1.7 
Total Financial Guarantee revenues17.4 26.1 10.7 43.6 
P&C Insurance and Reinsurance (Ark)
Earned insurance premiums117.8 — 222.4 — 
Net investment income.4 — 1.2 — 
Net realized and unrealized investment gains8.9 — 10.0 — 
Other revenues3.4 — 6.0 — 
Total P&C Insurance and Reinsurance revenues130.5 — 239.6 — 
Specialty Insurance Distribution (NSM)
Commission revenues68.0 63.0 127.6 116.0 
Other revenues16.3 13.1 31.5 25.1 
Total Specialty Insurance Distribution revenues84.3 76.1 159.1 141.1 
Asset Management (Kudu)
Net investment income8.4 5.6 16.6 12.9 
Net realized and unrealized investment gains (losses)27.8 16.5 43.6 (8.3)
Other revenues — .1 .1 
Total Asset Management revenues36.2 22.1 60.3 4.7 
Other Operations
Net investment income4.0 9.1 11.1 19.2 
Net realized and unrealized investment gains (losses) 16.6 107.0 18.7 (61.0)
Net realized and unrealized investment gains from
investment in MediaAlpha
113.0 15.0 71.3 45.0 
Commission revenues2.3 1.9 4.6 4.0 
Other revenues22.4 2.3 29.5 3.8 
Total Other Operations revenues158.3 135.3 135.2 11.0 
Total revenues$426.7 $259.6 $604.9 $200.4 


9




WHITE MOUNTAINS INSURANCE GROUP, LTD.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (CONTINUED)
(millions)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Expenses:
Financial Guarantee (HG Global/BAM)
Insurance acquisition expenses$1.6 $2.1 $3.5 $3.8 
General and administrative expenses13.9 12.7 30.3 27.4 
Total Financial Guarantee expenses15.5 14.8 33.8 31.2 
P&C Insurance and Reinsurance (Ark)
Loss and loss adjustment expenses52.6 — 118.6 — 
Insurance and reinsurance acquisition expenses34.0 — 70.7 — 
Other underwriting expenses19.1 — 30.3 — 
General and administrative expenses5.7 — 32.3 — 
Interest expense1.3 — 2.4 — 
Total P&C Insurance and Reinsurance expenses112.7 — 254.3 — 
Specialty Insurance Distribution (NSM)
General and administrative expenses47.3 48.5 93.3 88.1 
Broker commission expenses21.6 21.0 40.5 39.3 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration.2 (1.7).2 (2.3)
Amortization of other intangible assets8.2 6.3 16.8 11.1 
Loss on assets held for sale — 28.7 — 
Interest expense5.9 5.7 11.8 10.0 
Total Specialty Insurance Distribution expenses83.2 79.8 191.3 146.2 
Asset Management (Kudu)
General and administrative expenses3.2 2.8 5.7 5.3 
Amortization of other intangible assets.1 .1 .2 .2 
Interest expense1.5 1.5 7.3 2.9 
Total Asset Management expenses4.8 4.4 13.2 8.4 
Other Operations
Cost of sales17.9 2.2 21.9 4.2 
General and administrative expenses29.5 25.3 65.2 42.8 
Amortization of other intangible assets.4 .2 .9 .4 
Interest expense.4 .2 .7 .5 
Total Other Operations expenses48.2 27.9 88.7 47.9 
Total expenses264.4 126.9 581.3 233.7 
Pre-tax income (loss) from continuing operations162.3 132.7 23.6 (33.3)
 Income tax (expense) benefit (29.8)(24.1)(20.3)1.4 
Net income (loss) from continuing operations132.5 108.6 3.3 (31.9)
 Net (loss) gain from sale of discontinued operations, net of
   tax
 (1.0)18.7 (.1)
Net income (loss)132.5 107.6 22.0 (32.0)
 Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests6.0 7.8 41.2 18.6 
Net income (loss) attributable to White Mountains’s
   common shareholders
$138.5 $115.4 $63.2 $(13.4)

10



WHITE MOUNTAINS INSURANCE GROUP, LTD.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(millions)
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Net income (loss) attributable to White Mountains’s
   common shareholders
$138.5 $115.4 $63.2 $(13.4)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax1.0 .5 2.8 (2.9)
Comprehensive income (loss)139.5 115.9 66.0 (16.3)
Other comprehensive loss attributable to non-controlling interests(.1)(.2)(.2)(.2)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to White Mountains’s
   common shareholders
$139.4 $115.7 $65.8 $(16.5)




WHITE MOUNTAINS INSURANCE GROUP, LTD.
EARNINGS PER SHARE
(Unaudited)
Income (loss) per share attributable to White Mountains’s common shareholdersThree Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Basic earnings (loss) per share
Continuing operations$44.56 $37.46 $14.32 $(4.25)
Discontinued operations (.32)6.03 (.03)
Total consolidated operations$44.56 $37.14 $20.35 $(4.28)
Diluted earnings (loss) per share
Continuing operations$44.56 $37.46 $14.32 $(4.25)
Discontinued operations (.32)6.03 (.03)
Total consolidated operations$44.56 $37.14 $20.35 $(4.28)
Dividends declared per White Mountains’s common share$ $— $1.00 $1.00 

11


WHITE MOUNTAINS INSURANCE GROUP, LTD.
QTD SEGMENT STATEMENTS OF PRE-TAX INCOME (LOSS)
(millions)
(Unaudited)

For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2021HG Global/BAM
HG GlobalBAMArkNSMKuduOther OperationsTotal
Revenues:
Earned insurance premiums$5.3 $1.2 $117.8 $— $— $— $124.3 
Net investment income1.7 2.6 .4 — 8.4 4.0 17.1 
Net investment income (expense) -
BAM surplus note interest
3.0 (3.0)— — — —  
Net realized and unrealized investment gains2.4 3.9 8.9 — 27.8 16.6 59.6 
Net realized and unrealized investment gains from
investment in MediaAlpha
— — — — — 113.0 113.0 
Commission revenues— — — 68.0 — 2.3 70.3 
Other revenues.1 .2 3.4 16.3 — 22.4 42.4 
Total revenues12.5 4.9 130.5 84.3 36.2 158.3 426.7 
Expenses:
Loss and loss adjustment expenses— — 52.6 — — — 52.6 
Insurance acquisition expenses1.3 .3 34.0 — — — 35.6 
Cost of sales— — — — — 17.9 17.9 
General and administrative expenses.5 13.4 24.8 47.3 3.2 29.5 118.7 
Broker commission expenses— — — 21.6 — — 21.6 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration— — — .2 — — .2 
Amortization of other intangible assets— — — 8.2 .1 .4 8.7 
Interest expense— — 1.3 5.9 1.5 .4 9.1 
Total expenses1.8 13.7 112.7 83.2 4.8 48.2 264.4 
Pre-tax income (loss)$10.7 $(8.8)$17.8 $1.1 $31.4 $110.1 $162.3 


12


WHITE MOUNTAINS INSURANCE GROUP, LTD.
QTD SEGMENT STATEMENTS OF PRE-TAX INCOME (LOSS) (CONTINUED)
(millions)
(Unaudited)

For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2020HG Global/BAM
HG GlobalBAMNSMKuduOther OperationsTotal
Revenues:
Earned insurance premiums$4.6 $1.0 $— $— $— $5.6 
Net investment income2.0 2.9 — 5.6 9.1 19.6 
Net investment income (expense) -
 BAM surplus note interest
4.7 (4.7)— — — — 
Net realized and unrealized investment gains10.7 3.7 — 16.5 107.0 137.9 
   Net unrealized investment gains from
 investment in MediaAlpha
— — — — 15.0 15.0 
Commission revenues— — 63.0 — 1.9 64.9 
Other revenues.1 1.1 13.1 — 2.3 16.6 
Total revenues22.1 4.0 76.1 22.1 135.3 259.6 
Expenses:
Insurance acquisition expenses1.2 .9 — — — 2.1 
Cost of sales— — — — 2.2 2.2 
General and administrative expenses.5 12.2 48.5 2.8 25.3 89.3 
Broker commission expenses— — 21.0 — — 21.0 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration— — (1.7)— — (1.7)
Amortization of other intangible assets— — 6.3 .1 .2 6.6 
Interest expense— — 5.7 1.5 .2 7.4 
Total expenses1.7 13.1 79.8 4.4 27.9 126.9 
Pre-tax income (loss)$20.4 $(9.1)$(3.7)$17.7 $107.4 $132.7 

13




WHITE MOUNTAINS INSURANCE GROUP, LTD.
YTD SEGMENT STATEMENTS OF PRE-TAX (LOSS) INCOME
(millions)
(Unaudited)

For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2021HG Global/BAM
HG GlobalBAMArkNSMKuduOther OperationsTotal
Revenues:
Earned insurance premiums$10.6 $2.3 $222.4 $— $— $— $235.3 
Net investment income3.5 5.3 1.2 — 16.6 11.1 37.7 
Net investment income (expense) -
 BAM surplus note interest
6.0 (6.0)— — — —  
Net realized and unrealized investment (losses) gains(7.5)(4.1)10.0 — 43.6 18.7 60.7 
   Net realized and unrealized investment gains from
      investment in MediaAlpha
— — — — — 71.3 71.3 
Commission revenues— — — 127.6 — 4.6 132.2 
Other revenue.2 .4 6.0 31.5 .1 29.5 67.7 
Total revenues12.8 (2.1)239.6 159.1 60.3 135.2 604.9 
Expenses:
Loss and loss adjustment expenses— — 118.6 — — — 118.6 
Insurance acquisition expenses2.8 .7 70.7 — — — 74.2 
Cost of sales— — — — — 21.9 21.9 
General and administrative expenses1.1 29.2 62.6 93.3 5.7 65.2 257.1 
Broker commission expenses— — — 40.5 — — 40.5 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration— — — .2 — — .2 
Amortization of other intangible assets— — — 16.8 .2 .9 17.9 
Loss on assets held for sale— — — 28.7 — — 28.7 
Interest expense— — 2.4 11.8 7.3 .7 22.2 
Total expenses3.9 29.9 254.3 191.3 13.2 88.7 581.3 
Pre-tax income (loss)$8.9 $(32.0)$(14.7)$(32.2)$47.1 $46.5 $23.6 




















14




WHITE MOUNTAINS INSURANCE GROUP, LTD.
YTD SEGMENT STATEMENTS OF PRE-TAX INCOME (LOSS) (CONTINUED)
(millions)
(Unaudited)

For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2020HG Global/BAM
HG GlobalBAMNSMKuduOther OperationsTotal
Revenues:
Earned insurance premiums$9.0 $2.0 $— $— $— $11.0 
Net investment income4.3 6.1 — 12.9 19.2 42.5 
Net investment income (expense) -
 BAM surplus note interest
9.5 (9.5)— — — — 
Net realized and unrealized investment gains (losses)12.1 8.4 — (8.3)(61.0)(48.8)
Net unrealized investment gains from
 investment in MediaAlpha
— — — — 45.0 45.0 
Commission revenues— — 116.0 — 4.0 120.0 
Other revenue.1 1.6 25.1 .1 3.8 30.7 
Total revenues35.0 8.6 141.1 4.7 11.0 200.4 
Expenses:
Insurance acquisition expenses2.2 1.6 — — — 3.8 
Cost of sales— — — — 4.2 4.2 
General and administrative expenses1.0 26.4 88.1 5.3 42.8 163.6 
Broker commission expenses— — 39.3 — — 39.3 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration— — (2.3)— — (2.3)
Amortization of other intangible assets— — 11.1 .2 .4 11.7 
Interest expense— — 10.0 2.9 .5 13.4 
Total expenses3.2 28.0 146.2 8.4 47.9 233.7 
Pre-tax income (loss)$31.8 $(19.4)$(5.1)$(3.7)$(36.9)$(33.3)


15




WHITE MOUNTAINS INSURANCE GROUP, LTD.
SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
($ in millions)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
BAM2021202020212020
Gross par value of primary market policies issued$4,815.5 $3,196.1 $7,357.5 $5,704.2 
Gross par value of secondary market policies issued312.1 878.5 489.2 1,347.0 
Gross par value of assumed reinsurance 36.9 805.5 36.9 
Total gross par value of market policies issued$5,127.6 $4,111.5 $8,652.2 $7,088.1 
Gross written premiums$13.7 $21.5 $26.2 $31.2 
MSC collected
16.3 21.5 30.1 31.5 
Total gross written premiums and MSC collected$30.0 $43.0 $56.3 $62.7 
Present value of future installment MSC collections .3  .3 
Gross written premium adjustments on existing
 installment policies
.1 — .1 — 
Gross written premiums and MSC from
   new business
$30.1 $43.3 $56.4 $63.0 
Total pricing59 bps105 bps65 bps89 bps
As of
June 30, 2021
As of
December 31, 2020
As of
June 30, 2020
Policyholders’ surplus$323.1 $324.7 $345.1 
Contingency reserve97.4 86.4 76.9 
Qualified statutory capital420.5 411.1 422.0 
Statutory net unearned premiums47.4 45.2 42.4 
Present value of future installment premiums
   and MSC
13.8 14.0 14.6 
HG Re, Ltd collateral trusts at statutory value433.0 417.0 378.1 
Fidus Re, Ltd collateral trust at statutory value250.0 100.0 100.0 
Claims paying resources$1,164.7 $987.3 $957.1 
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
HG Global2021202020212020
Net written premiums$11.8 $18.3 $22.5 $26.6 
Earned premiums$5.3 $4.6 $10.6 $9.0 
As of
June 30, 2021
As of
December 31, 2020
As of
June 30, 2020
Unearned premiums$208.0 $196.1 $179.4 
Deferred acquisition costs$58.1 $54.1 $48.5 















16




WHITE MOUNTAINS INSURANCE GROUP, LTD.
SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA (CONTINUED)
($ in millions)
(Unaudited)

ArkThree Months Ended June 30, 2021
GAAPThird Party Capital ShareAdjusted
Insurance premiums:
Gross written premiums$328.1 $ $328.1 
Net written premiums$262.2 $(3.0)$259.2 
Net earned premiums$117.8 $15.7 $133.5 
Insurance expenses:
Loss and loss adjustment expenses$52.6 $6.6 $59.2 
Insurance acquisition expenses34.1  34.1 
Other underwriting expenses19.1 (.1)19.0 
Total insurance expenses$105.8 $6.5 $112.3 
Ratios:
Loss and loss adjustment expense44.7 %44.3 %
Insurance acquisition expense28.9 %25.5 %
Other underwriting expense16.2 %14.2 %
   Combined Ratio89.8 %84.0 %

Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
GAAPThird Party Capital ShareAdjusted
Insurance premiums:
Gross written premiums$732.6 $ $732.6 
Net written premiums$604.6 $(8.0)$596.6 
Net earned premiums$222.4 $46.9 $269.3 
Insurance expenses:
Loss and loss adjustment expenses$118.6 $38.2 $156.8 
Insurance acquisition expenses70.8  70.8 
Other underwriting expenses30.3 1.2 31.5 
Total insurance expenses$219.7 $39.4 $259.1 
Ratios:
Loss and loss adjustment expense53.3 %58.2 %
Insurance acquisition expense31.8 %26.3 %
Other underwriting expense13.6 %11.7 %
   Combined Ratio98.7 %96.2 %
17


WHITE MOUNTAINS INSURANCE GROUP, LTD.
SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA (CONTINUED)
(millions)
(Unaudited)
NSMThree Months Ended
June 30, 2020
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2021
Six Months Ended
June 30, 2020
Six Months
Ended
June 30, 2021
Twelve Months Ended
July 1, 2020 to June 30, 2021
Commission revenues$63.0 $68.0 $116.0 $127.6 $244.1 
Broker commission expenses21.0 21.6 $39.3 40.5 76.5 
Gross profit42.0 46.4 76.7 87.1 167.6 
Other revenues13.1 16.3 25.1 31.5 59.0 
General and administrative expenses48.5 47.3 88.1 93.3 182.1 
Change in fair value of contingent
   consideration
(1.7).2 (2.3).2 (.8)
Amortization of other intangible assets6.3 8.2 11.1 16.8 32.4 
Loss on assets held for sale—  — 28.7 28.7 
Interest expense5.7 5.9 10.0 11.8 23.9 
GAAP pre-tax (loss) income(3.7)1.1 (5.1)(32.2)(39.7)
Income tax (benefit) expense(2.2)1.2 (2.9)(6.8)(9.6)
GAAP net loss(1.5)(.1)(2.2)(25.4)(30.1)
Add back:
Interest expense5.7 5.9 10.0 11.8 23.9 
Income tax (benefit) expense(2.2)1.2 (2.9)(6.8)(9.6)
General and administrative expenses –
   depreciation
.8 1.2 1.7 2.3 5.1 
Amortization of other intangible assets6.3 8.2 11.1 16.8 32.4 
EBITDA9.1 16.4 17.7 (1.3)21.7 
Add back:
Change in fair value of contingent
   consideration
(1.7).2 (2.3).2 (.8)
Non-cash equity-based
   compensation expense
— .5 — 1.1 3.5 
Impairments of intangible assets6.2  6.2   
Loss on assets held for sale—  — 28.7 28.7
Acquisition-related transaction expenses3.3 .2 5.0 .2 2.4 
Investments made in the development
   of new business lines
.4 .1 .4 .1 .6 
Restructuring expenses.7 1.6 1.5 4.4 7.7 
Adjusted EBITDA$18.0 $19.0 $28.5 $33.4 $63.8 
Deduct:
Fresh Insurance motor business’s adjusted EBITDA1.5 
Pro forma adjusted EBITDA$65.3 


18


WHITE MOUNTAINS INSURANCE GROUP, LTD.
SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA (CONTINUED)
(millions)
(Unaudited)

KuduThree Months Ended
June 30, 2020
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2021
Six Months Ended
June 30, 2020
Six Months Ended
June 30, 2021
Twelve Months Ended
July 1, 2020 to June 30, 2021
Net investment income$5.6 8.4 $12.9 $16.6 $33.2 
Net unrealized investment gains (losses)16.5 27.8 (8.3)43.6 67.8 
Other revenues—  .1 .1 .3 
Total revenues22.1 36.2 4.7 60.3 101.3 
General and administrative expenses2.8 3.2 5.3 5.7 12.2 
Amortization of other intangible assets.1 .1 .2 .2 .3 
Interest expense1.5 1.5 2.9 7.3 10.4 
Total expenses4.4 4.8 8.4 13.2 22.9 
GAAP pre-tax income (loss) 17.7 31.4 (3.7)47.1 78.4 
Income tax expense (benefit)4.8 9.7 (.6)17.5 25.1 
GAAP net income 12.9 21.7 (3.1)29.6 53.3 
Add back:
Interest expense1.5 1.5 2.9 7.3 10.4 
Income tax expense (benefit)4.8 9.7 (.6)17.5 25.1 
Amortization of other intangible assets.1 .1 .2 .2 .3 
EBITDA19.3 33.0 (.6)54.6 89.1 
Add back:
Net unrealized investment (gains) losses(16.5)(27.8)8.3 (43.6)(67.8)
Non-cash equity-based compensation
   expense
— .1 — .2 .6 
Acquisition-related transaction expenses.9  1.5  2.2 
Adjusted EBITDA$3.7 $5.3 $9.2 $11.2 24.1 
Add:
Adjustment to annualize partial year
   revenues
4.3 
Annualized Adjusted EBITDA$28.4 
19


Regulation G

This earnings release includes non-GAAP financial measures that have been reconciled to their most comparable GAAP financial measures.
Adjusted book value per share is a non-GAAP financial measure which is derived by adjusting (i) the GAAP book value per share numerator and (ii) the common shares outstanding denominator, as described below.

The GAAP book value per share numerator is adjusted (i) to include a discount for the time value of money arising from the modeled timing of cash payments of principal and interest on the BAM surplus notes and (ii) to add back the unearned premium reserve, net of deferred acquisition costs, at HG Global.

Under GAAP, White Mountains is required to carry the BAM surplus notes, including accrued interest, at nominal value with no consideration for time value of money. Based on a debt service model that forecasts operating results for BAM through maturity of the surplus notes, the present value of the BAM surplus notes, including accrued interest and using an 8% discount rate, was estimated to be $137 million, $142 million, $147 million and $151 million less than the nominal GAAP carrying values as of June 30, 2021, March 31, 2021, December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020, respectively.

The value of HG Global’s unearned premium reserve, net of deferred acquisition costs, was $150 million, $146 million, $142 million and $131 million as of June 30, 2021, March 31, 2021, December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020, respectively.

White Mountains believes these adjustments are useful to management and investors in analyzing the intrinsic value of HG Global, including the value of the BAM surplus notes and the value of the in-force business at HG Re, HG Global’s reinsurance subsidiary.

The denominator used in the calculation of adjusted book value per share equals the number of common shares outstanding adjusted to exclude unearned restricted common shares, the compensation cost of which, at the date of calculation, has yet to be amortized. Restricted common shares are earned on a straight-line basis over their vesting periods. The reconciliation of GAAP book value per share to adjusted book value per share is included on page 8.

BAM’s gross written premiums and MSC from new business is a non-GAAP financial measure, which is derived by adjusting gross written premiums and MSC collected (i) to include the present value of future installment MSC not yet collected and (ii) to exclude the impact of gross written premium adjustments related to policies closed in prior periods. White Mountains believes these adjustments are useful to management and investors in evaluating the volume and pricing of new business closed during the period. The reconciliation from GAAP gross written premiums to gross written premiums and MSC from new business is included on page 16.

Ark’s adjusted loss and loss adjustment expense ratio, adjusted insurance acquisition expense ratio, adjusted other underwriting expense ratio and adjusted combined ratio are non-GAAP financial measures, which are derived by adjusting the GAAP ratios to add back the impact of whole-account quota-share reinsuran